Press releases () Oerlikon Graziano reveals details of new multi-speed EV transmission at CTI Berlin
Twin motor technology can improve electric vehicle efficiency by up to 15 percent
Torino – Italy, 5 December 2011 – High-performance transmission specialist Oerlikon Graziano has revealed further technical details of its revolutionary multi-speed transmission for electric vehicles (EVs), ahead of its appearance at the CTI Symposium and Exhibition in Berlin on December 5-8 (Expo 6-7). The innovative transmission uses the principles of dual clutch transmissions (DCTs) to provide seamless shifting and up to 15 percent improvement in vehicle efficiency. Visitors to the event can discuss the transmission with the company’s staff on stand 112 – First Floor.
Most current EVs use a single-speed transmission, relying on the electric motor’s torque spread to provide adequate performance. However this means the motor spends much of its time operating at only 60 to 70 percent efficiency. Oerlikon Graziano’s new transmission instead uses two smaller motors to provide four speeds, running the motors closer to their peak efficiency of approximately 90 percent. The result is an overall efficiency improvement of up to 15 percent, which translates into increased range or improved performance for the vehicle.
“Vehicle manufacturers need innovative solutions to improve the cost, range and performance of electric drivetrains,” said Oerlikon Graziano’s head of product development, Claudio Torrelli. “Our multi-speed transmission can improve acceleration, top-speed and hill-climbing ability for a given motor size. Alternatively EV makers can specify smaller motors to give the same performance with less battery drain, providing greater range.”
The transmission’s unique configuration uses two input shafts, each driven by its own electric motor. The concept is similar to a DCT but using two motors in place of the twin clutches: one motor drives a shaft that carries first and third gears, the other drives a shaft carrying second and fourth. This allows pre-selection of the next gear before the previous one has been disengaged, using the two motors to synchronise shaft speeds so that no synchronisers are needed.
Following gear selection, the drive torque transfers seamlessly between the motors to complete the shift. Different strategies prioritise economy or performance and the transitions between the two.
The shift control system was developed by UK controls specialists, Vocis Driveline Controls, itself part owned by Oerlikon Graziano. Having considerable prior expertise with DCT applications, Vocis used a range of existing algorithms from their proven software to cover Driver Strategy, Shift Sequencing, Gear Actuation and safety functions complying with OBDII requirements.
“The way that the transmission shares torque between the motors offers shift opportunities beyond what is achievable with a DCT,” said Vocis technical director, Richard Taylor. ““The shift strategy is so successful that test drivers find some shifts imperceptible and must refer to data logs to analyse each event.”
The software is simpler than for a DCT application. The engine interface is replaced by a motor interface while the clutch and synchroniser control algorithms are unnecessary and are deleted entirely. The prototype uses a Vocis TMS-20 controller that, in addition to direct inputs and outputs, allows robust CAN communication with other controllers on the vehicle to ensure
seamless shifting and intuitive control.
“The prototype is a four speed system but the technology is scalable to suit a wide range of different vehicle types,” said Torrelli. “Whether it is an electric vehicle, supercar or off-highway equipment, Oerlikon Graziano develops transmission technologies that allow our customers to introduce more capable and competitive vehicles.”
Oerlikon Graziano and Vocis Driveline Controls will showcase the new transmission technology at the CTI expo as part of their increasing range of electric vehicle transmissions.
Head of Marketing Communications EMEAR
P: +39 011 9570 1
F: +39 011 9591259
Oerlikon Graziano SpA
corso IV Novembre 53
10098 Rivoli (Torino)
Import as VCF